I haven't finished this 200-page essay yet, so I will just translate an excerpt from the review in Le Monde under the title, "The Double Defeat of the Neo-Conservatives."
The neo-conservatives imposed a comprehensive (totalizing) response to a supposedly totalitarian threat, whereas what was required was implementation of policies adapted to each situation and conflict.This review does not do justice to the subtlety and clarity of Roy's analysis. He shows how the implementation of a policy based on a false image of middle eastern societies self-destructs irretrievably once fantasy meets reality. An example from today's news is the latest "success" in Iraq: arming Saddamist Sunni militias aganist Salafi jihadists (and Shi'a militias) in the name of the civic equality of all citizens of Iraq.
Olivier Roy reaffirms the conviction he has upheld for years: "The vision of a Muslim world unified under the banner of Islam mounting an offensive against the West makes no sense," no less than that of a new "Islamo-fascist" totalitarianism, which has supposedly replaced the totalitarianisms of the 20th century.
Let's hope this book is available in English soon.